The Differences Between a Civil, Criminal, and Family Law Firm in Singapore

Laws are intangible, abstract concepts that not many people understand fully. Yet, everyone who participates in a community is governed by them. Laws are not just rules and regulations that limit people’s freedoms; while some may look restrictive, most of them enumerate the rights of individuals, corporate entities, and society as a whole. Other times, they mean to protect the personal bonds of family. When individuals (or groups and organisations) have any issues with the law, they have to face a complicated and intimidating legal process that may seem daunting. The average individual or head of an organisation is unlikely to know how to navigate the system themselves. If they want to tilt the court’s verdict in their favour, they can increase their chances by hiring a top criminal, family, or civil lawyer in Singapore.

Differentiating civil and criminal law

When you seek an outcome from a court, you will have to consider the issue that you are disputing in the first place. There are three main types of issues that you might face: civil law, criminal law, and family law. The three types are distinct and cover different issues. Here is a breakdown of their differences.

Definition of criminal, family, and civil law

1) Criminal law

An individual with a criminal law case on their hands may or may not have committed actions threatening other people or the public. Their issue deals with the violation of people’s safety and the protection of other individuals in society. As a person charged with criminal law issues, they are accused of disruptive behaviours such as murder, drug offences, traffic violations, sexual misconduct, and more.

Criminal law firms in Singapore protect the public from dangerous individuals and actions that might affect their way of life. The state prohibits actions that ruin the peace of others or violate their rights. Criminal laws are put into place to preserve society and help it run smoothly.

2) Family law

The family is the earliest societal unit that every human will experience. However, not everyone is gifted a stable and functioning one. Disputes and serious issues arising between family members can be a messy affair because they mostly involve personal matters. Since family relations such as marriages are legally binding, special care is needed when two family members or factions argue about rights.

The state will need to settle outcomes of such cases as divorce or child custody. If you need someone to help you with issues regarding family law, look for a professional lawyer who knows how to tackle personal problems within the family. Family lawyers can provide a range of services, such as divorce mediation and more in Singapore.

3) Civil law

On the other hand, civil law discusses the disputes between individuals and entities. As all individuals and registered organisations have rights and obligations, the court ensures that the parties meet them. The court seeks to find the most justifiable solution in the eyes of the law and may award compensation to the victim.

Many issues and concerns fall under civil law, such as property disputes or lessor/lessee disputes. Corporate issues such as employment claims or commercial disputes also fall under civil law. Both individuals and entities may take others to court because of an issue or dispute.

What happens in a criminal, family or civil caseTwo-businessmen-in-a-courtroom

1) Criminal law

Under a criminal case, the state prosecutes an individual for a crime they have committed. It is up to the court to reasonably prove that the individual has violated the state’s rules. Perhaps they have infringed on other people’s rights or they prove to exhibit negative behaviours that might affect other people.

Criminal law firms in Singapore help defend individuals accused of crimes and prove their innocence. If an individual is deemed guilty of committing a crime, they may be penalised via hefty fines or via incarceration.

2) Family law

A family law case will have two parties (two family members or a group of family members) on either side of the dispute. Family law cases are almost always started by one party, except in exceptional cases like child protection. One party must defend themselves or prove their innocence, or they may have to contest their part of the case so they may receive a favourable outcome.

When we settle family law cases, courts order parties to pay compensation to the other party. In other cases, courts order them to comply with court actions so the other party may have a peaceful and favourable solution. Instances of family violence, extramarital affairs, adoption, and more may entail personal matters settled out of court. A divorce lawyer in Singapore will be able to assist individuals with third-party affairs.

3) Civil law

Civil law functions like family law in certain aspects– there will be two parties (either individuals, groups of individuals, or legal entities) on two sides. Cases are filed for violation of rights, neglect of obligations, disputes over ownership and more. Either party must prove their case and defend themselves for a favourable outcome. If one is found, they might run the risk of having to pay compensation to the other party or having to comply with orders.

Matters under civil law can be quite diverse. In fact, family law is a subcategory of civil law. Everything from workers’ disputes to breaches of contract and bankruptcy can fall under civil law. You can find disputes from small ones between individuals to ones involving multinational corporations.

Quahe Woo & Palmer is a law firm where you can get help on any business or personal matters. In Singapore, finding the best criminal lawyer can save you from unnecessary grief during the legal process. Reach out to them via their website to know how to hire a competent professional lawyer.