The initial contact with Bali is thought to happen when a Portuguese ship foundered off the Bukit peninsula and left a few Portuguese in 1585. Then, the Dutch explorer Cornelis de Houtman arrived at Bali in 1597. In 1602, the establishment of the Dutch East India Company set for historic management two and a half centuries when Dutch control expanded across the Indonesian archipelago throughout the next half of the nineteenth century.
Dutch Colonial Period
Political and financial management over Bali began from the 1840s over the north shore of the island once the Allied pitted several suspicious Balinese lands against each other. From the late 1890s, the Dutch manipulated struggles between Balinese kingdoms in the south-west of the island to increase their control.
The Dutch mounted significant naval and ground assaults in the Sanur area in 1906. It was fulfilled from the thousands of people of the royal family and their followers who fought against the superior Dutch force at a suburban Puputan defensive assault rather than face the embarrassment of surrender. Despite demands for the stunt, an estimated 1,000 Balinese marched against the invaders to their death.
From the intervention in Bali (1908), an identical massacre happened on the surface of a Dutch attack in Klungkung. Control over culture and faith stayed undamaged. Rule of Bali came and was not established as in different parts of Indonesia like Maluku and Java.
In the 1930s, both anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, along with musicians Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee created a western image of Bali. It was depicted as “an amazing land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature”, also western tourism originally developed on the island.
Japanese Colonial Period
Imperial Japan occupied Bali through World War II. Bali Island wasn’t initially a goal in their own Netherlands East Indies Campaign. Still, since the airfields around Borneo were inoperative because of heavy rains, the Imperial Japanese Army decided to inhabit Bali, which didn’t suffer from the weather.
During the Japanese occupation a Balinese officer, I Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘liberty army’. The absence of institutional change from the harshness of war requisitions, nevertheless, and the time of Dutch rule made the Japanese principle little better than the Dutch one. The Dutch returned to Indonesia, such as Bali to reevaluate their pre-war provincial government.
The island had no regular Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) troops. There was Just a Native Auxiliary Corps Prajoda (Korps Prajoda) consisting of approximately 600 indigenous soldiers and several Dutch KNIL officers under the control of KNIL Lieutenant Colonel W.P. Roodenburg. On 19 February 1942, the Japanese forces located close to the city of Senoer (Sanur). The island was quickly recorded since then.
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